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What is Viscose Yarn Made Of? A Comprehensive Guide

ZHINK offers a wide range of yarns and fabrics designed to meet the highest standards of quality and sustainability.

Viscose yarn, known for its silk-like feel and versatility, is a popular choice in the textile industry. But what exactly is viscose yarn made of? This article explores the materials and production process involved in making viscose yarn, highlighting its unique properties and applications.

What is Viscose Yarn?

Viscose yarn is a type of semi-synthetic fiber made from regenerated cellulose. It is also known as rayon and is prized for its softness, breathability, and lustrous appearance. Viscose yarn combines the best properties of natural and synthetic fibers, making it a versatile material for various textile applications.

Related reading:What is Viscose Yarn? Characteristics and Features of Viscose Yarn

The Production Process of Viscose Yarn

Step 1: Sourcing Cellulose

Description: The primary raw material for viscose yarn is cellulose, a natural polymer found in the cell walls of plants. The cellulose used for viscose production is typically sourced from wood pulp, often from fast-growing trees like eucalyptus, beech, and pine.


  1. Harvesting: Trees are harvested and processed to extract the wood pulp.
  2. Pulp Preparation: The wood pulp is purified to remove lignin and other impurities, resulting in a pure cellulose pulp.

Step 2: Dissolving the Cellulose

Description: The purified cellulose pulp is then dissolved to create a viscous solution, which can be spun into fibers.


  1. Steeping: The cellulose pulp is steeped in a solution of sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) to swell and break down the cellulose fibers.
  2. Pressing: The swollen cellulose is pressed to remove excess liquid, resulting in alkali cellulose.
  3. Shredding: The alkali cellulose is shredded into small pieces to increase surface area for the next step.
  4. Aging: The shredded alkali cellulose is allowed to age in a controlled environment, which helps in breaking down the cellulose chains to the desired length.
  5. Xanthation: The aged alkali cellulose is treated with carbon disulfide, converting it into cellulose xanthate, a yellowish substance.

Step 3: Creating the Viscose Solution

Description: The cellulose xanthate is dissolved in a dilute sodium hydroxide solution to create a viscous, honey-like solution known as viscose.


  1. Dissolution: The cellulose xanthate is dissolved in a sodium hydroxide solution, forming the viscose solution.
  2. Filtering: The viscose solution is filtered to remove any undissolved particles and impurities.
  3. Degassing: Air bubbles are removed from the viscose solution to ensure a smooth spinning process.

Step 4: Spinning the Fibers

Description: The viscose solution is then extruded through spinnerets to form continuous filaments, which are solidified into fibers.


  1. Extrusion: The viscose solution is forced through spinnerets, tiny holes that shape the solution into fine filaments.
  2. Coagulation: The filaments are passed through a coagulation bath containing sulfuric acid and sodium sulfate, which regenerates the cellulose and solidifies the filaments into fibers.
  3. Drawing: The fibers are stretched to align the cellulose molecules, increasing their strength and uniformity.

Step 5: Finishing the Fibers

Description: The newly formed viscose fibers are then washed, bleached, and dried to enhance their properties and prepare them for spinning into yarn.


  1. Washing: The fibers are washed to remove residual chemicals from the coagulation bath.
  2. Bleaching: The fibers are bleached to achieve the desired whiteness and purity.
  3. Drying: The fibers are dried and then cut into short lengths, known as staple fibers, or left as continuous filaments for spinning.

Step 6: Spinning into Yarn

Description: The finished viscose fibers are spun into yarn using traditional spinning methods, such as ring spinning, open-end spinning, or air-jet spinning.


  1. Blending (Optional): Viscose fibers can be blended with other fibers like cotton, wool, or polyester to create blended yarns with unique properties.
  2. Spinning: The fibers are drawn out and twisted to form yarn, which is then wound onto spools or cones.

Properties of Viscose Yarn

Softness and Comfort

Description: Viscose yarn is known for its silky, smooth texture, making it comfortable to wear against the skin.


  • Luxurious Feel: Comparable to silk in softness.
  • Skin-Friendly: Ideal for sensitive skin.


Description: Viscose yarn is highly breathable, allowing air to circulate and moisture to evaporate, keeping the wearer cool and comfortable.


  • Cool and Comfortable: Perfect for warm weather clothing.
  • Moisture Management: Absorbs and wicks away sweat.


Description: Viscose yarn can be easily dyed and blended with other fibers, making it versatile for various textile applications.


  • Wide Range of Colors: Accepts dyes well, resulting in vibrant colors.
  • Blending Capabilities: Enhances the properties of blended fabrics.


Description: While soft and lightweight, viscose yarn is also strong and durable, maintaining its integrity over time.


  • Long-Lasting: Retains its quality through multiple washes.
  • Resilient: Resistant to wear and tear.

Applications of Viscose Yarn


Types of Clothing:

  1. Dresses and Skirts: Offers a flowing, drapable fabric that feels luxurious.
  2. Blouses and Shirts: Provides a smooth, comfortable fit.
  3. Lingerie and Sleepwear: Soft and gentle on the skin, perfect for intimate apparel.

Home Textiles

Types of Home Textiles:

  1. Bedding: Used in sheets and pillowcases for a soft, comfortable sleep.
  2. Curtains and Drapes: Adds elegance and flow to home decor.
  3. Upholstery: Provides a smooth, durable fabric for furniture.


Types of Accessories:

  1. Scarves and Shawls: Lightweight and breathable, ideal for all seasons.
  2. Hats and Gloves: Soft and comfortable for everyday wear.
  3. Socks: Offers moisture-wicking properties for dry, comfortable feet.


Viscose yarn, made from regenerated cellulose, offers a unique combination of softness, breathability, and durability, making it a versatile choice for a wide range of textile applications. From luxurious clothing to comfortable home textiles, viscose yarn provides both functionality and aesthetic appeal. Understanding its production process and properties helps appreciate why viscose yarn continues to be a popular and valuable material in the textile industry.

For high-quality viscose yarn and innovative textile solutions. ZHINK offers a wide range of yarns and fabrics designed to meet the highest standards of quality and sustainability. Explore their offerings to enhance your textile products and stay ahead of industry trends.

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